Marxism in fact denies any spiritual level, Karma, nonphysical entities and the likes. For a Marxist, a human is a piece of matter, the consciousness an illusion created by electrochemistry. As opposed to modern atheists who refuse to state this and its consequences clearly,
Friedrich Engels had no such qualms. To disprove Kant and other idealists, he claims
Die schlagendste Widerlegung dieser wie aller andern philosophischen Schrullen ist die Praxis, nämlich das Experiment und die Industrie. Wenn wir die Richtigkeit unsrer Auffassung eines Naturvorgangs beweisen können, indem wir ihn selbst machen, ihn aus seinen Bedingungen erzeugen, ihn obendrein unsern Zwecken dienstbar werden lassen, so ist es mit dem Kantschen unfaßbaren “Ding an sich” zu Ende.
My (shortened) translation:
The most striking contradiction of this [idealism/qualia] and all other philosophical foolishnesses is the praxis, namely experiment and industry. When we can show a process by reproducing it, it is the end of Kant’s “substance of a thing” [Ding an sich].
He goes on to criticize Feuerbach who was reluctant to drive materialism to its final conclusion, the total absence of a nonphysical plane of existence – or “hidden” layers a la Kant or Plato – or any religion.
Pure materialism was accordingly the ideology of the USSR. This had consequences:
- Greed. When all you have is this life, you better down that Vodka now.
- Not a whole lot of motivation besides fight for immediate survival.
- Stalin stated when he starved 7 million Ukrainians to death in the Holodomor : “The Soviet Union has tractors, we don’t need farm workers.” – when your fellow humans are meaningless automata, well, why not kill them if it seems to be advantageous.
Accordingly it went downhill from there. Ironically this makes the socialist the ultimate compulsive hedonist consumer – he has no hope for a future after death – and his children, if he has any, are soulless automatons just like him and have no special meaning to him (if he actually believes in total materialism).
The socialist is the ideal impulse buyer. Maybe that explains why certain mega-rich types like Soros push socialism? You can sell anything that promises instant gratification to a futureless automaton- making socialist consumers the ideal complement to producers.
If you meet a socialist who claims to care for his fellow humans, ask him why.