As a German I frequently hear on the Internet how vicious that Nazi propaganda was.
So did the Nazis invent this form of propaganda?
It turns out they didn’t. Nor did they invent the term for it. Rather Göbbels, the Nazi propaganda minister, had a favorite book called PROPAGANDA, written in 1923 by Edward Bernays.
Edward Bernays was the nephew of Siegmund Freud. Befor WW 1, Bernays decided to put the theories of his then unknown in America uncle Siegmund to use and embarked on a marketing, or Propaganda campaign to turn women into smokers – at the time, smoking was a mens only occupation. So he used the idea of Freud that women have penis envy and that any lengthy object symbolizes a penis to connect cigaretts to the blossoming sufragette idea of women’s liberation, which worked so splendidly that Bernays became wealthy; started to promote his uncle Siegmund’s books in the USA and even became advisor to prez. Woodrow Wilson during WW1, of course running the propaganda campaign.
Later he wrote his book – which you might find on the Internet as PDF but as I don’t know about copyright situation I won’t give a direct link.
After the heavy use of Bernaysian propaganda methods by the Nazis
(you gotta give them they’re the most iconic of the socialist movements (Nazi is short for Nationalsozialist, national SOCIALIST, yes I know, all the other socialists keep harping on that these were not actually socialists but rightwingers, but well, Hitler himself, while on top of his power, repeatedly called his party “The German Left” and why would he lie at that time? He had exterminated all other political movements anyway.)),
well the term propaganda fell in disfavour.
(Even though , during WW2, of course the Brits ran an office of PROPAGANDA, noteworthy figure there is Berlin-born, fluent in German Sefton Delmer, and of course Walt Disney’s propaganda animation shorts are well known as well).
and Bernays relabeled his craft “Public Relations” or PR (a propaganda move all in itself).
So everyone did it, all knew the methods, and the handbook came from a New York Jew with experience of the use of propaganda in and after WW1
(Bernays’ idea was it to present Woodrow Wilson to the Europeans as the bringer of freedom and democracy – which sounds way better than “the terminator of the monarchy” in Europe; and the USA is using this as justification for their invasions to this day, as it sounds good. Well of course what Wilson brought was the Versailles treaty which had the purpose of wrecking the German economy to prevent it from ever becoming a threat again, and it worked so well that the Germans voted Hitler into power about 14 years later; basically out of desperation. Some say that was the purpose of the Versailles treaty all along but I think you’d give Wilson and his advisors too much credit there. A government that can plan 14 years in advance AND it works out? Give me a break.)
The whole Edward Bernays story is documented in a part of the documentary The Century Of The Self by British filmmaker Adam Curtis.
Well now that I mentioned Popper I clearly have to mark it as “science”. Oh well.
And philosophy. Well well. So be it.